Aretha Franklin was born on 25 March, 1942. Her real name was "Aretha Louise Franklin."

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Franklin was an American singer and songwriter. For her powerful voice, she was also referred to as the "Queen of Soul."


Franklin's father was also a renowned musician. He helped her 14-year-old daughter sign the first music record deal with J.V.B. Records.


Franklin's first single with J.V.B. Records, "Never Grow Old," was released in 1956.


At the age of 18, Franklin signed a deal with Columbia Records. Her first Columbia single, "Today I Sing the Blues," was released in 1960.


Franklin's first album, "Aretha: With the Ray Bryant Combo," was released in 1961, and its first single was featured in the Billboard Hot 100 chart.


Franklin's first chart-topping hit song was "Respect,"  which became No. 1 on the list of the Billboard Hot 100. This song also became her signature song.


In 1980, Franklin also performed in front of Queen Elizabeth. She gave her performance at London's Royal Albert Hall.


In her era, Franklin was one of the world's best-selling music artists, with 75 million records sold globally.


Franklin had been nominated 44 times for the Grammy awards, of which she won 18.


Franklin won her first eight Grammy awards (from 1968 to 1975) for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance.


In 1987, Aretha Franklin became the first female singer inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

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Franklin was also awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the National Medal of Arts.


In 2022, Franklin was ranked no. 1 by Rolling Stone magazine in its list of the "200 Greatest Singers of All Time."

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