10 Things You Need To Know About
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Wilma Rudolph was born on 23 June, 1940, in Tennessee, U.S. Her real name was Wilma Glodean Rudolph.
Her father, "Ed Rudolph," had 22 children, of whom Wilma was his twentieth child.
Wilma contracted polio at the age of 5, which left her with partial paralysis in her left leg. She used to walk with a leg brace.
At 12, she regained her ability to walk without a leg brace, & during high school, she started competing in track and field.
At 16, Wilma attended the 1956 U.S. Olympic track and field team trials, & she qualified for the 1956 Summer Olympics in the 200-metre race.
She won her 1st gold medal at the 1960 Summer Olympics. She won the 100-metre dash, tying the world record of 11.3 seconds.
Wilma Rudolph won three gold medals in track and field at the 1960 Olympics, becoming the first American woman to do so.
She was also nicknamed "The Tornado, the fastest woman on earth", "The Black Gazelle", & "The Black Pearl".
Wilma retired from track & field at 22 & completed her bachelor's degree. After retirement, she started teaching and coaching.
Her Autobiography, "Wilma: The Story of Wilma Rudolph," was also published in 1977.
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